Why these new Aichi Targets?: Environmental management has increased the coverage of protected areas worldwide, introduced payment of ecosystem services to address conservation related opportunity costs, endorsed political response to invasive species, and established the concept of participatory forest management to account for local stakeholder rights. However, it failed spectacularly to achieve the 2002 commitment of the Convention on Biological Diversity to reduce the rate of biodiversity loss by 2010. Furthermore, resource consumption, invasive alien species, nitrogen pollution, overexploitation and climate change impacts increased (Butchart, SHM et al. 2010. Science 328 ).
Strategic Goal A: Address the underlying causes of biodiversity loss by mainstreaming biodiversity across government and society (Targets 1 to 4)
Strategic Goal B: Reduce the direct pressures on biodiversity and promote sustainable use (Targets 5 to 10)
Strategic Goal C: To improve the status of biodiversity by safeguarding ecosystems, species and genetic diversity (targets 11 to 13)
Strategic Goal D: Enhance the benefits to all from biodiversity and ecosystem services (targets 14 to 16)
Strategic Goal E: Enhance implementation through participatory planning, knowledge management and capacity building (Targets 17 to 20)